What are the Different Types of Processors ?

Marcian Hoff came up with the idea for the first processor in 1937. Some companies, like Intel, AMD, Qualcomm, Motorola, Samsung, IBM, and others, are known for making processors. The processor is just a small silicon chip that is put inside the device and made to work in a matter of seconds. Its speed is measured.

What are the Different types of processors
What are the Different types of processors

A processor’s main job is to get instructions, decode them, run them, and then rewrite them. This is what it does most of the time. Modern processors are used in phones, laptops, computers, washing machines, and many other things. In this article, we will talk about what a processor is, what kinds of processors there are, and what they are used for. We’ll talk about it today. Types of Processor is explained in the next article.

The processor is a simple logic circuit or chip that makes the computer work by responding to basic instructions and inputs. The most important things a processor does are get, decode, process, run, and write back as feedback to the chip’s instructions. People call the processor the “brain” of any electronic system, like a laptop, computer, smartphone, or embedded system. The two most important parts of a processor are the control unit and the arithmetic logic unit.

The logic functions can include addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. The control unit, on the other hand, manages the flow of traffic, which is based on the operation or command that was given. This processor talks to the nearby component, which could be its output, input, storage, or memory.

There are several types of processors, including:

  1. Central processing unit (CPU): The CPU is the primary processor in a computer and is responsible for executing most instructions that the computer receives. It is the “brain” of the computer and is often referred to as the microprocessor.
  2. Graphics processing unit (GPU): A GPU is a specialized processor that is designed to handle the complex calculations required for rendering images and video. It is often used in conjunction with the CPU to perform these tasks.
  3. Digital signal processor (DSP): A DSP is a type of processor that is specifically designed to handle real-time digital signal processing tasks, such as filtering and analyzing audio and video signals.
  4. Field-programmable gate array (FPGA): An FPGA is a programmable processor that can be customized to perform a variety of tasks. It is often used in applications that require high-speed processing or that require a high degree of flexibility.
  5. Application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC): An ASIC is a custom-designed processor that is tailored to perform a specific task or set of tasks. It is often used in specialized applications that require high performance or low power consumption.
  6. System on a chip (SoC): An SoC is a processor that integrates all of the components of a computer or device onto a single chip. This includes the CPU, GPU, memory, and other peripherals. SoCs are often used in small devices, such as smartphones and tablets, to save space and reduce power consumption.

There are 5 main kinds of processors. Let’s talk about each one in more detail.

1. Microcontroller

A microcontroller or microcomputer is a small, low-cost chip that is made to do a specific job, like showing information from a microwave or receiving signals from a remote. A microcontroller is made up of:

  • The processor
  • Memory, which includes RAM, ROM, EPROM, and EEPROM.
  • Serial ports
  • Peripherals (Timers, Counters, etc.)

2. Microprocessor

The brain of a small PC is the microprocessor. A microprocessor is a single chip that can be used to process data. It controls all components. It carries out a set of instructions. It gets the instruction, decodes it, and runs it. The microprocessor has a very complicated design on the inside. A microprocessor, also known as a central processing unit (CPU), is a type of processor that is responsible for executing most instructions that a computer receives.

Examples of microprocessors include the Intel Core series of processors, the AMD Ryzen processors, and the Qualcomm Snapdragon processors. These processors are used in a wide variety of applications, including desktop and laptop computers, servers, and mobile devices. Other examples of microprocessors include the Apple M1 processor, the Samsung Exynos processors, and the ARM Cortex-A series of processors.

3. Embedded Processor

The embedded processor is set up to control both the electrical and mechanical functions. It is made up of many blocks, such as a timer, program memory, data memory, reset, power supply, data memory, interrupt controller, clock oscillator systems, interfacing circuits, specific circuits, and system application ports and circuits.

An embedded processor is a type of processor that is designed to be used in a dedicated device or system, rather than a general-purpose computer. Embedded processors are often used in devices that require low power consumption and a small physical footprint, such as routers, internet of things (IoT) devices, and industrial control systems.

Examples of embedded processors include the ARM Cortex-M series of processors, the MIPS architecture processors, and the PowerPC processors. These processors are used in a wide variety of applications, including smart home devices, medical equipment, and industrial control systems. Other examples of embedded processors include the Intel Quark processors, the AMD Geode processors, and the Atmel AVR processors.

4. Digital Signal Processor

Analog and digital signals can be filtered, measured, and compressed with the help of a digital signal processor. The processing of signals means that digital signals are changed and analyzed. To get a clear signal, this process can be done with an application-specific integration circuit, a digital signal processor, a field-programmable gate array, or even a computer. DSP processors are used in scanners that read barcodes, oscilloscopes, printers, and cell phones. These processors are used for applications that need to run quickly and in real time.

An example of a digital signal processor (DSP) is the Texas Instruments TMS320 series of processors. These processors are widely used in a variety of applications, including telecommunications, audio and video processing, and industrial control.

Other examples of DSPs include the Analog Devices Blackfin processor, the Freescale Semiconductor DSP56300 series, and the Intel Digital Media Processor. These processors are often used in a wide range of applications, including audio and video processing, image processing, and signal analysis.

5. Media Processor

A media processor is a type of processor that is specifically designed to handle the processing requirements of media-rich applications, such as audio and video playback, streaming, and editing. Media processors are often used in devices that are designed for media consumption, such as smartphones, tablets, and media players.

An example of a media processor is the Qualcomm Snapdragon processor, which is used in many smartphones and tablets. The Snapdragon processor includes a CPU, GPU, and DSP, as well as dedicated hardware for tasks such as video decoding and image processing. Other examples of media processors include the Apple A series processors, which are used in iPhones and iPads, and the Samsung Exynos processors, which are used in some Samsung devices.


  1. What are types of processors?
    There are different kinds of processors, such as the microprocessor, the microcontroller, the embedded processor, and the digital signal processor. The processors can be different for each device. The most important parts of the CPU are called “heart” and “system” elements.
  2. What is the number of processors in a system?
    To open Task Manager, press Ctrl + Shift + Esc. Click on the Performance tab to see how many cores and logical processors your PC has.
  3. Why do we have different processor?
    A computer system’s electronics are made to work with a certain type of processor. Machine operations and machine languages are different for each type of processor. A typical Intel system’s machine language program would not work on a computer with a different type of processor.
  4. What is difference between processor and CPU?
    A processor is any part that reads, writes, and processes commands. The main processor in a computer is called the Central Processing Unit, or CPU. There are processors in many different parts of a computer, like hard drives, but the CPU is the most important and controls everything.
  5. How do I choose a better processor?
    More GHz and more cores are always better, but a dual-core chip can still be faster than a quad-core. After that, you can look for benchmark comparisons, especially if the benchmarks measure things like math, video rendering, gaming, or whatever you usually do.